Investigating the Relationship between Empowerment and Chronic Pain Acceptance and the Resulting Limitations in the Elderly with Diabetes living Southwest of Iran

  • Samira Beiranvand
    Address correspondence to Parisa Sheini-Jaberi, Nursing Lecturer, Nursing Department, Nursing and Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
    Nursing Department, Nursing and Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
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  • Hadis Ashrafizadeh
    Nursing Department, School of Nursing, Student Research Committee, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran
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  • Parisa Sheini-Jaberi
    Address correspondence to Parisa Sheini-Jaberi, Nursing Lecturer, Nursing Department, Nursing and Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
    Nursing Department, Nursing and Midwifery School, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
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Published:January 03, 2023DOI:


      Background Aim

      Considering the importance of pain acceptance in adjusting to chronic pain among diabetic patients, this study was conducted to determine the relationship between the empowerment scale and the level of chronic pain acceptance among the elderly with diabetes and the resulting limitations.


      This is a descriptive-analytical study on 250 older patients (65 years and older) with diabetes. The samples were selected through random convenience sampling, performed during 2019 to 2020 in the health centers of Ahvaz, Iran. The data were collected using the demographic information checklist and standard questionnaires including chronic pain acceptance questionnaire (CPAQ), the scale of chronic pain-related limitations, and the diabetes empowerment scale-short form (DES-SF). The data were analyzed using SPSS V24.


      The majority of the samples were male (56%) and the mean age of the participants was 70.96 ± 8.95 years. The results showed that the mean and standard deviation were reported to be 20.04 ± 4.63 for pain acceptance, 46.16 ± 10.85 for chronic pain-related limitations, and 27.24 ± 9.65 for the empowerment scale. According to regression coefficients, the mean score of empowerments of patients with diabetes has no significant relationship with pain acceptance (p = .199, b = -0.327) and pain-related limitations (p = .925, b = 0.004).


      Based on the results of this study, the level of empowerment, pain acceptance, and pain-related limitations in the older patients with diabetes was moderate and there was no significant relationship between them. Identifying vulnerable groups in the field of chronic pain and preventive, educational and therapeutic interventions will help increase patients’ self-care capacity and reduce the limitations and the disability caused by pain.
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