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Relationships among Symptoms, Disability, Type D Personality, and Quality of Life in Patients with Migraine: A Cross-Sectional Study in South Korea

Published:September 09, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2022.08.001

      Highlights

      • Type D personality in patients with migraine was frequent (45.2%).
      • Type D personality was related to migraine symptoms, disability, and QoL.
      • Migraine symptoms, disability, and type D personality were factors influencing QoL.

      Abstract

      Background

      Type D personality as a personality vulnerable to stress consists of negative affectivity and social inhibition, and it is related to symptoms and decreased quality of life in patients with chronic illness.

      Aim

      This study aimed to explore the relationships among migraine symptoms, disability, type D personality, and quality of life in patients with migraine.

      Methods

      A convenience sample of 135 patients with migraine was collected at the neurologic outpatient clinics of two tertiary hospitals in South Korea. Frequency and severity of migraine symptoms, Migraine Disability Assessment, type D personality, and quality of life were investigated using a structured questionnaire. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used.

      Results

      Sixty-one (45.2%) were classified as type D personality. The intensity of the most severe migraine and Migraine Disability Assessment scores in subjects with type D personality were significantly higher than those in subjects without type D personality. In addition, the quality of life score of subjects with type D personality was significantly lower than in subjects without type D personality. The intensity of the migraine, Migraine Disability Assessment score, and type D personality were significant factors influencing quality of life on stepwise multiple regression analysis.

      Conclusions

      Type D personality was related to migraine symptoms, disability, and quality of life in patients with migraine.

      Keywords

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