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Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI) Questionnaire-Persian Version Can Differentiate Neuropathic from Non-Neuropathic Pain

Published:August 16, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2022.07.005

      Abstract

      Background

      Neuropathic pain (NP) is a common condition that impacts life negatively. This type of pain responds poorly to treatment. Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (NPSI) is a common instrument used for the assessment of NP response to the treatment.

      Aim

      The current study aims to validate the Persian version of NPSI (PV-NPSI).

      Methods

      The current study has been conducted on 162 patients experiencing pain from neuropathic ornon-neuropathic origin. The Persian version of NPSI was proposed through standard protocol and responded to by patients twice: at baseline within an interval of 3 hours and then again within 1 month. Its correlation with the patient global impression of change (PGIC) and the clinical global impression of change (CGIC) was assessed. In addition, the validity and reliability of the PV-NPSI was evaluated.

      Results

      The reliability Cronbach's alpha of PV-NPSI was 0.834 and test-retest intraclass-coefficient was calculated as 0.983 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.977-0.988; p < .001). In addition, the measured coefficient sensitivity to change based on PGIC and CGIC was 0.859 for both. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for the diagnosis of NP revealed area under curve (AUC) of 0.936 (p < .001; 95%CI: 0.894-0.978).

      Conclusions

      Based on the current study's findings, the PV-NPSI is a reliable and valid means for the differentiation of NP from the other types of pain in patients with several musculoskeletal pain complaints, but we cannot determine a cutoff point for it. Also, this questionnaire can be efficiently used for the assessment of response to NP treatment.

      Keywords

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