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The Effect of Virtual Reality Distraction Intervention on Pain, Anxiety, and Vital Signs of Oncology Patients Undergoing Port Catheter Implantation: A Randomized Controlled Study

Published:March 31, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmn.2022.03.004

      Abstract

      Background

      Although the port catheters have many beneficial effects on the patient's quality of life, it was reported in the literature that patients experience pain in the incision area after the implantation or anxiety before, during or, after the implantation.Distraction is a simple and effective method in the management of pain and anxiety.

      Aims

      To determine the effect of virtual reality (VR) distraction intervention on pain, anxiety, and vital signs of oncology patients undergoing port catheter implantation.

      Design

      Randomized controlled study

      Methods

      The study was carried out with 139 participants (69 intervention, 70 control) between September 2019 and January 2020. Data were collected before, during, and after the implantation by using a patient identification form, State Anxiety Inventory (SAI), a table for vital signs, and a visual analog scale for pain severity. In the intervention group, a virtual reality device, movies, and relaxing music were provided and patients were instructed to use it during the implantation and when they felt pain after the implantation. There wasn't any blinding for patients or researchers throughout the study.

      Results

      There was an increase in pain scores of both groups after the implantation; however, pain scores in the intervention group were lower and there was a statistically significant difference between the groups after the implantation. In the intervention group, there was a decrease in anxiety, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate, and an increase in SpO2. VR use has a great effect on pain scores (Cohen's d = 3.023) and a great effect on SAI scores (Cohen's d = 8.770).

      Conclusions

      VR distraction intervention was found an effective way to reduce pain, anxiety, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory rate and increase the SpO2 of the patients undergoing port catheter implantation.

      Abbreviations:

      pain (pain), Virtual Reality (Virtual Reality), Oncology Patients (Oncology Patients), Port Catheter Implantation (Port Catheter Implantation)
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